Hugh: Yes, I thought you might. The answer, as I wriggled away with just now, is that I don't know. In several circumstances we have an undisputed before - a dead body in a tomb - and an undisputed after - men being put to death for the preaching the message of the resurrected Christ - but not, at least to me, a clear description of the middle. I think it foolish to deny that something occurred, but will not be drawn as to what without further evidence. The same applies to some extent to the other miracles. If the Feeding of the Five Thousand happened, then what, exactly, went on? I just don't know, and neither, I venture to add, did those who later reported it. Miracles, as I said, depend more on the observer than on Physics anyway.
If one does not believe in THE Jesus - the One resurrected after a physical death - then that tells me they don't believe the Gospel, of which the entire basis for substitutionary atonement for sin, is predicated upon the fact that the Jesus died for us. And one who does not believe the Gospel isn't a Christian. They might be a cultural "Christian," even might consider themselves a Christian. But they aren't a Christian as defined by the Bible. You don't believe what Scripture plainly teaches about Jesus - really, why even claim to be a Christian???!!!
Romans 10: 8-10: "8 But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith that we proclaim); 9 because, IF you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord AND BELIEVE in your heart that God raised him from the dead
, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved."
Scripture plainly says that one HAS to and BELIEVE AND CONFESS the above to God to be saved. To not believe these key things - that Jesus was God Incarnate, that He was physically killed and subsequently resurrected - is to not have any reason to consider oneself a Christian. And that may well have nothing to do with the Shroud (although it very well might), but it means that what Scripture says about Jesus is a historical fact and that belief and confession of these things are requirements (of the heart and mind) for God's forgiveness and acquirement of His free, unmerited, unearnable gift of eternal life.
HUGELY important question:
So, Hugh, if you don't believe those things, why do you call yourself a Christian? What is your basis for doing so?
Hugh: "I think it foolish to deny that something occurred, but will not be drawn as to what without further evidence."
Hugh, merely admitting that "SOMETHING occurred" is not meeting the criteria of faith as per the specific wordings of Scripture. If you think irrefutable evidence is necessary, or that some great degree of intellect is - then you are sadly mistaken. Most who insist the need for such things have set the evidence bar higher than God will provide - because it's not a mere matter of intellect. One must first be open to the truth so they can receive what CAN be known about it, as God WILL provide it (and yet He knows what level of knowledge one TRULY needs, sufficient for to develop true faith. But the evidence and understandings will be given per how God sees fit - not necessarily how YOU see fit.