First we have to define what we mean by morality. The Oxford dictionary for instance writes "Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behaviour." and "A particular system of values and principles of conduct." To animals it's "principles of conducts" or rather "instincts of conduct" i.e. how an animal should act. To have instincts it is not necessary to have consciousness. I don't agree to your view that "the only way an act is moral is if the thing doing the act KNOWS that it is good". It may be necessary for "a high sense of morality" but I wouldn't say that animal has that.PaulSacramento wrote:Animals do NOT show a high sense of morality or any morality, they are not self-aware in a rational sense, in that way.
They may demonstrate what WE PERCEIVE as morals but the only way an act is moral is if the thing doing the act KNOWS that it is good.
One would have to prove conscious intent to do good on the part of the animal.
How would you do that?
With humans, it's different.