When we visited Pompeii it was mentioned that male remains showed the average was around 5'3" +/- 2". IIRC women were 4'10" average. Lesser known than Pompeii is the nearby ruins of Herculaneum. The remains at that site were taller than Pompeii. Again plugging in the old 512k thumb drive the males were about 5'7".
Why such a difference in such a small area?
Herculaneum is at the seashore and was more affluent, so its logical to attribute bigger people to a better diet. So even 2000 years ago oceanfront property was more valuable so only rich people lived there.
However it could be coincidence because of the small sample size.
JButler wrote:Michael Heiser says Goliath was approximately 6'9" and he likely got that from the Septuagint. Also he says archeology in that region shows males were 5'3" - 5'5" and women about 5' for the era.
I'm 6'4" and standing next to a 6'9" guy (usually a fit basketball player) I feel kind of small. I tend to say "Sir" more often when around bigger people.
Oh, they were that short. Well my above post is still right, someone 6'4'' would make them seem like a giant compared to the average population.