Ed: In the US being X and White is going to be better than being X and anything else in nearly every instance.
I'm speaking of the immediate context - not necessarily society-wide. I've encountered many situations where I was the only white guy around - often with threats, nasty words, and in high school, I beaten and kicked by a gang of black kids. The last two years of high school, I was part of about a 25% minority. I was a little skinny guy and was lucky to get out with my teeth intact. As a teenager working at an ice plant in an all-black neighborhood, you wouldn't believe the stuff I had to deal with. And later, when I was in commercial real estate marketing, I often had to take property photos in all kinds of neighborhoods. White dude with a tie in certain neighborhoods, so many nasty stares and worse. There are many places in the closest city, if just walking through, where my white skin alone could easily get me killed.
And yet, I've seen it all as to how racism has been dished out in reverse when my context was as part of the majority - yet, nowadays, in "polite" society, not usually so overtly (but it's certainly there!). My point is that white people - and NO racial group - has the market cornered on racism - as there will typically be the same percentages of haters in every race! But the level of who and how often those hatreds are directed toward a person has everything to do with the racial percentages per their immediate situation's context. If you take any minority and they suddenly became the new majority, with all of the other socioeconomic variables also being reversed, the new minority (the old majority) race would then begin to experience the very same levels and frequency of blatant or subtle racism. That's human nature 101 - it doesn't change per one's racial group. And, so often, the minority experiencing racism is just as hateful - would quickly return the same treatment, given the chance. So, it's also about power and numbers. Of course
ANY minority is going to experience more racism - as it's a matter of numbers - there's typically a whole lot more people in any majority group than in the minority group - and that ratio often plays out in how often racism is experienced. My sister has worked as an admin in public mental health in an inner city for 30+ years. She is a significant minority of white co-workers and middle management. She frequently experiences racism and nasty attitudes. Point is, that is the way the world typically rolls - and it's sad. Go to Europe, this same thing plays out per ethnic group of Caucasians, or per religious group, or classism, etc.
People can change, if so motivated. My own dad was very racist when I was a young kid. He finally learned, mostly per Christian influences, and so by the time he was 60 or so, he was a very different person (thank God!). My church is significantly mixed with about 30 percent minorities - also in leadership. We have great relationships and friendships across the board - as people there don't think like much of the greater society. And we occasionally and intentionally talk about racially impacting and sensitive topics, in a helpful way.
So context and numbers are the only difference in racist attitudes - because we are all humans. And yet, many people tend to think their racial group is not nearly as racist as other racial groups. And I think minorities tend to think that more so, but only because of their much smaller numbers, which means they are understandably experiencing much higher percentages in incidents.